Disaster Risk Financing Pakistan
We are supporting civil society innovation in Pakistan by enabling frontline humanitarians to access early, predictable funds to protect communities from forecasted heatwaves, flood and drought.
Multi-Hazard Disaster Risk Financing
DRF in Pakistan
In Pakistan, Disaster Risk Financing (DRF) is enabling national level responders to access new forms of financing that allow them to proactively manage risks and move power and resources closer to the frontline.
Pakistan is among the most disaster-prone, climate change-affected countries in the world. Despite the arid to semi-arid conditions, the diversity of the region means the type of hazards the country faces vary greatly.
Pakistan is one of five founding hubs of the Start Network. The network of hubs will be a collective of local, national and international organisations operating in the same area. The hubs will manage their own resources and define their own responses to crises affecting their communities.
The Disaster Risk Financing (DRF) Programme in Pakistan will support the hub to access new forms of financing to predict, plan for, prevent and prepare for the country’s devastating yet predictable disasters.
By quantifying the risks ahead of the crisis, setting triggers for the release of funds, and agreeing on activites in advance of crises, frontline responders will be able to deliver more timely and effective humanitarian assistance.
How it works
Heatwaves, floods and droughts can be predicted. We can scientifically model and quantify the risks associated with these hazards and predict what the humanitarian impacts of forecasted disasters will be.
- Heatwaves: Building on the Network’s Anticipation work on heatwaves in Pakistan, Start Network is able to access 8-day forecasts in advance of a heatwave. During the hottest time of the year (generally May and June) we are monitoring these forecasts daily. This year, the model will monitor temperatures in Karachi, Larkana, Multan and Sibi.
- Drought: Start Network has commissioned the University of Reading to develop a drought model. In its first year of operation, the predictive model will focus on monitoring winter wheat crop and will calculate the current Water Requirement Satisfaction Index (WRSI), end of season WRSI (EoS) and the number of people forecasted to be affected by a drought in the Sindh and Punjab regions of Pakistan.
- Flood: This will be the first time Start Network has built a DRF model for floods. JBA Consulting has been appointed to build the flood model. The flood season usually starts in June through to August. This year we will be observing the flood season and the model will be operational from 2021.
Start Network works closely with its members to develop early action activities that define who does what, where and when in the event of each hazard.
If the pre-agreed thresholds are met, pre-positioned funding is released immediately to respond to the emerging crisis.
This initiative is being piloted until the end of 2021 with support from DFID and the Dutch Government.