ARC Replica

African Risk Capacity (ARC) is an organisation mandated by the African Union to help African nations proactively manage natural disaster risk through macro-insurance.

Credit: Atmospheric Research CSIRO |

About ARC Replica Programme

ARC Replica allows us (Start Network) to work side by side with the government on risk identification, planning and to take out a parallel macro-insurance policy, which is intended to payout in the event of major droughts. With this payout, Start Network members can roll out preventative humanitarian operations alongside the government to mitigate the predicted impacts of drought. 


Member States can purchase drought insurance policies from ARC Ltd, and receive payouts for pre-approved contingency plans. Replica Insurance supports, complements and builds on this approach to disaster risk management. Non-governmental partners (like the Start Network) are supported by donors to pay parallel insurance premiums. If rainfall levels drop below a pre-defined threshold, Start Network members receive payouts at the same time as the government, to implement timely and coordinated actions to protect communities at risk.


The Start Network and World Food Programme are the first designated partners of the ARC Replica initiative. This initiative is being piloted until the end of 2019 with support from the German Government (KFW).






ARC Replica insurance payout kick-off meeting

Largest ever early humanitarian action payout received by the Start Network

Press Release: Purchase of ARC Replica insurance policy: 2019

Press Release (FR): Purchase of ARC Replica insurance policy: 2019

Statement on ARC Replica policy purchase 2018


ARC Replica is run in a partnership between Start Network, the Government of Senegal, African Risk Capacity (ARC), and the World Food Programme, funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) through the German Development Bank, Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW).


News Article

In Senegal, the village of Ndouff rises from its own ashes

In November 2019, the Government of Senegal and the ARC Replica partner, Start Network, qualified for an ARC insurance payout following the drought conditions that prevailed during the agricultural season. In October 2020, ARC and Start Network travelled to the village of Ndouff, located at 70km from Dakar, the Senegalese capital, to interact with the community on the benefits and impacts of the payout in their lives.


Blog Post

Strengths and challenges of coordinated humanitarian response

Coordination is one of the areas where the design of the Start Network’s ARC Replica pay-out in Senegal has been most ambitious.


Blog Post

ARC Replica Pay-out Senegal 2020

The Start Network’s $10.6m ARC Replica pay-out in Senegal is being used to support the food security and livelihoods of more than 27,000 households across seven regions of Senegal. 


Blog Post

Learning from ARC Replica in Senegal

Through ARC Replica, Start Network has sought to introduce this new financing approach to the NGO community, while protecting communities at risk of drought in Senegal.


Blog Post

Preparing for disaster in Senegal

Like many villages in the heart of Senegal’s semi-arid Diourbel region, Yassi Gueye features a covering of sand, towering baobab trees and staggering heat. It has not rained since October, and everything on the desert-like earth has dried up.


News Article

Charities distribute aid as part of early response to food insecurity in Senegal

Humanitarian agencies in Senegal are this week distributing aid as part of an early response to food shortage, which has been caused by the late onset of rainfall last year. This early action will help alleviate the suffering of those affected and reduce the need for them to resort to negative coping actions such as taking children out of schools, eating their seeds, and migrating or selling their farming implements.


News Article

ARC Replica Insurance Payout: Kick-off meeting

Last week a kick-off meeting took place in Dakar, Senegal between Start Network NGOs and the government of Senegal to officially launch the beginning of Replica payout activities.


Blog Post

Largest ever early humanitarian action payout received by the Start Network

In an official ceremony in Darkar, Senegal today the Start Network was issued with a symbolic cheque of 10M USD in the largest every early humanitarian action pay out.