Start Network

Learning & Evidence

Latest learning materials


ARC Replica Payout, Senegal 2020 - Internal Evaluation

In 2017, Start Network and the World Food Programme sought to expand the approach of African Risk Capacity (ARC) through the ARC Replica programme. The objectives were to further expand the coverage of ARC while giving the opportunities to test new financing tools for civil society (especially insurance), and ultimately the uptake of ARC. This initiative has been supported by the German Development Bank (KFW) on behalf of the German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development. This evaluation reviews the impact of this pay-out to the Start Network members who received the funding on the communities who were reached through the programme.



Evaluation Interne Suite Au Versement De L’indemnite Arc Au Partenaire ARC Replica Au Senegal En 2020

En 2017, le Start Network et le Programme Alimentaire Mondial ont cherché à étendre l'approche de l'African Risk Capacity (ARC) par le biais du programme ARC Replica. Les objectifs étaient d'étendre la couverture de l'ARC tout en donnant la possibilité de tester de nouveaux outils de financement pour la société civile (en particulier l'assurance), et finalement l'adoption de l'ARC. Cette initiative a été soutenue par la Banque allemande de développement (KFW) au nom du ministère fédéral allemand de la coopération économique et du développement. Cette évaluation examine l'impact de ce versement aux membres du Start Network qui ont reçu le financement sur les communautés qui ont été touchées par le programme.




This document shares updates from Start Fund COVID-19 projects being implemented by members from all across Start Network. This third edition includes short case studies from responses in Nigeria, Mozambique, Togo, Ethiopia, Uganda, and the Republic of Congo.



A Gateway Re-opens: the growing popularity of the Atlantic route, as told by those who risk it

In 2020, the Atlantic route saw a sharp increase in use by refugees and migrants for a range of reasons. Some relate to the characteristics of the route itself, such as the perception that it is a relatively short and direct way into Europe. Others pertain to the COVID-19 pandemic, for instance unfounded rumours that the high number of coronavirus deaths in Europe has boosted demand for labour. 




The monthly risk briefing reports on new, emerging or deteriorating situations; therefore, ongoing events that are considered to be unchanged are not featured and risks that are beyond the scope and scale of the Start Fund are also not featured. It is collated by the Start Network Anticipation and Risk Financing team using information from academia and research institutes, government departments, ACAPS, global risk indexes, risk information provided by Start Members and their partners, and the media. Key risks are shared and collated each month with FOREWARN input.



Pushed To The Brink? The impact of COVID-19 on environmental migration in the Sahel

Migration has long been a hallmark of Sahelian populations, with people migrating to mitigate the impacts of environmental degradation and diversify access to livelihoods sources, which remain predominantly based on agricultural activities and natural resources. When the first confirmed cases of COVID-19 emerged in the region in March 2020, governments were prompt to take action, imposing movement restrictions, closing international borders and implementing localised lockdowns, all in view of limiting the spread of the virus. However, this affected long-held seasonal migration patterns, putting on hold an important source of supplementary revenue for millions of Sahelians across the region. This report aims to gauge the impact of these restrictions on environmental migrants' lives in the immediate, mid- and longer term.



Information is Power: Connecting local responders to the risk information that they need

Start Network has launched Information is Power: Connecting Local Responders to the Risk Information that they Need, a paper which calls for organisations to connect people at risk of crises with forecast information, which can help to save lives, cut the costs of emergency response, and build more resilient communities.



Start Fund COVID-19: An Overview

As the COVID-19 pandemic started to spread and affect countries and communities all around the world, Start Network recognised the importance of utilising the experience of its members to manage and support responses to critical COVID-19-related humanitarian needs. As a result, a COVID-19 context-specific rapid response fund was established, drawing from the principles and best practices of the global Start Fund.



Knowledge, attitude and practice around heatwaves in Karachi, following a forecast-based heatwave messaging project.

The humanitarian impact of extreme heat is an increasing concern, especially in low-income countries with limited access to quality healthcare and informal dwellings which can trap heat. This report analyses the knowledge, attitude and practice of Karachi residents in relation to managing extreme heat. It was conducted in 2020 following a messaging campaign led by HANDS related to extreme heat. The project was triggered through a disaster risk financing approach, using a heatwave model to trigger funding automatically when extreme heat was forecast.



Review of Start Network's role in the current global response to COVID-19

Start Fund COVID-19, a funding mechanism created by Start Network, aims to provide anticipatory and rapid funding for local-level responses to the COVID-19 pandemic before larger funding instruments are available. Anticipation and early action to localised COVID-19 emergencies is critical to minimise the occurrence and impact of outbreaks in communities who are living in vulnerable contexts. By taking pre-emptive action and reducing the response time for emerging needs, the spread of the pandemic can be slowed, and its impact reduced – particularly in the poorest and most vulnerable places.



Start Financing Facility: Quantitative analysis of risk pooling

Start Network is working to provide more effective and efficient financing models for humanitarian aid. Specifically, to enable a predictable continuum of funding for when risks of different scale and severity start to materialise. This report, commissioned from the UK Government Actuary Department, provides technical advice around the funding of the Start Financing Facility (SFF). In particular, by providing a theoretical illustration of the financial implications of pooling a number of risks into a central risk pool. The paper investigates how the number, frequency and size of the risks will affect the demands on the central risk pool, and highlights options for the financial management of the pool.



10 Lessons from the first three years of Crisis Anticipation

In 2016 the Start Network launched Crisis Anticipation within the Start Fund. This short brief documents the 10 key lessons learned and recommendation from the first 3 years of Crisis Anticipation at the Start Network.


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