Financial Flow and Gap Analysis Primer Philippines

This study aims to map the flow of funding for disaster risk management (DRM) in the Philippines in recent years, particularly from 2018 to 2020 (and part of 2021). For a country that is highly vulnerable to multiple, compounding hazards, tracking the sources of annual financing to deal with disaster risks, both ex ante and ex post, is necessary to help us understand better the scope of actionable DRM strategies by both government and non-government actors, especially in light of anticipatory humanitarian action. The exercise is also valuable in identifying financing gaps geographically and hazards-wise, as well as in exploring the impacts of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic on DRM funding.

Currently, the Philippines lacks a centralized system for monitoring DRM funding making it difficult to grasp how much the country needs to inform anticipatory DRM planning and programming. To meet these information needs, this study sought to map the DRM funding in the Philippines while identifying gaps to be addressed by a central DRF system; present impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the DRM funding and implementation; contribute to policy-making and institutional designing; and aid donors in their DRM programming. Mixed methodology was used, specifically desk review of public online databases and documents, online survey with 55 respondents from civil societies and private sector, and online interviews with 11 key informants from identified DRR-related national government agencies (NGAs) and civil society organizations (CSOs).