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Crisis Anticipation Window


The Start Fund Anticipation Window enables NGOs to prepare when they see a crisis coming and respond early to mitigate the predicted impacts.

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Latest news


Blog Post

Why learning from failure is key to anticipating humanitarian crises

Start Network's Sarah Klasson looks inside the 'black box' of the Crisis Anticipation Window, to see how we can learn from the failure to act early before crises hit this summer.

02Oct17

Blog Post

Start Evolves: A platform approach to early action and transformative change

Start Network's Luke Caley sets out a vision for early action in humanitarian crises, and the platform that could provide the capability needed to take it to scale.

24Aug17

News Article

Start members act in anticipation of high stakes election in Kenya

The Start Network is enabling aid agencies in Kenya act early to mitigate the risk of election violence, in a new way of working for the humanitarian sector.

09Aug17

Blog Post

How working together to understand risk will give us the confidence to act early

More members are using the Start Fund to act early, but we are still a long way from a risk-informed, proactive aid system. Start Network’s Luke Caley reflects on what we’ve learned so far and discusses the potential shape of things to come.

01Aug17


By creating a systematic way for Start Network members to use forecasting information, and with funding to enable forecast-based interventions, the Anticipation Window aims to catalyse a more anticipatory approach to humanitarian crises.

Improved access to forecasting information, analysis and funding helps agencies shift from a reactive model to an anticipatory one, saving lives and costs in the process.

Under the Anticipation Window;

- Decisions will be taken collectively by the 42 members of the Start Network, based on their assessment of the expected emergency.

- Independent advice and bespoke forecasts from a network of climate scientists, agricultural experts and other data analysts will be used to assess the risk of an emergency, and to gauge the most effective measures to respond.

- Funding will be on its way within 72 hours of the alert if the Start Fund agrees that intervention is needed.

- Evidence will be gathered using a common evaluation framework designed to compare the effectiveness and assess the cost-benefit of early action.

The Start Fund has already supported interventions in anticipation of crises in a number of countries – Sri Lanka, Ethiopia, Pakistan, Uganda, Zambia and Mali – and now we aim to make this a normal part of the Start Fund.

El Nino


The El Nino phenomenon resulted in a number of significant impacts over the past year. Rainfall patterns were affected across the globe, in some places causing harvests to fail, prompting humanitarian agencies to step in with feeding programmes and other interventions.

Many of these impacts could have been foretold, and in fact often were. Nevertheless, the humanitarian community again struggled to mobilise interventions in a timely way in a number of contexts.


At the World Humanitarian Summit in May 2016, UN Secretary-General called for the humanitarian community to invest in risk analysis and act early on findings. The Start Fund is the first NGO funding mechanism to be available for anticipatory interventions.

The Start Fund is supported by the UK aid, Irish Aid, the Government of the Netherlands and the European Union. This initiative is supported by a grant of 1.1 million euros (£933,000) to the fund by the European Commission’s humanitarian aid department.

Get involved, join our network


The Start Network also convenes a group of early warning experts, known as FOREWARN (Forecast-based Warning Analysis and Response Network). This group meets monthly to:
- conduct regular inter-agency risk analysis
- provide technical advice to member agencies on anticipatory interventions
- investigate new approaches to forecasting
- provide a feedback loop for anticipatory activations.


To find out more contact Luke Caley.

Related documents


Resource

Pre-alert guidance note - cyclones, hurricanes, typhoons

This document is designed to make it easier for agencies to raise Start Fund anticipatory alerts for cyclones, hurricanes and typhoons, or to submit Start Fund project proposals when an alert has been activated.

02Oct17

Resource

Pre-alert guidance note - disease outbreaks

This document is designed to make it easier for agencies to raise Start Fund anticipatory alerts for disease outbreaks, or to submit Start Fund project proposals when an alert has been activated.

02Oct17

Resource

Pre-alert guidance note - heatwave

This document is designed to make it easier for agencies to raise Start Fund anticipatory alerts for a heatwave, or to submit Start Fund project proposals when an alert has been activated.

05May17

Resource

Pre-alert guidance note - flooding

This document is designed to make it easier for agencies to raise Start Fund anticipatory alerts for flooding, or to submit Start Fund project proposals when an alert has been activated.

05May17

Resource

Pre-alert guidance note - drought

This document is designed to make it easier for agencies to raise Start Fund anticipatory alerts for drought, or to submit Start Fund project proposals when an alert has been activated.

05May17

Resource

Pre-alert guidance note - conflict & displacement

This document is designed to make it easier for agencies to raise Start Fund anticipatory alerts for conflict and displacement, or to submit Start Fund project proposals when an alert has been activated.

05May17

Resource

World Disasters Report 2016

SOURCE:IFRCThis World Disasters Report makes the case for a different approach to humanitarian action, one that strives to strengthen the resilience of vulnerable and at-risk communities.

17Oct16

Resource

Weathering a risky climate: The role of insurance in reducing vulnerability to extreme weather

Extreme weather events were almost twice as common over the past ten years as they were during the 1980s. The people on the frontlines of the climate crisis are those who are least responsible for causing it: the world’s poorest and most vulnerable communities.

05May16

Resource

Building the Evidence Base for Early Action

The benefits of early action are mostly uncontested among humanitarian actors. Nevertheless, humanitarian actors still find it challenging to act early for a variety of reasons.

15Apr16

Resource

Drought insurance for early response

This report outlines the design of a new funding mechanism that will ensure more timely humanitarian response to emerging drought-induced food and livelihood crises. The design of this mechanism was carried out through joint partnership between the Start Network and GlobalAgRisk, with support from the Humanitarian Innovation Fund.

25May15

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